Tor Weekly News — December 17th, 2014
harmony01 at riseup.net
Wed Dec 17 12:09:27 UTC 2014
Tor Weekly News December 17th, 2014
Welcome to the fiftieth issue in 2014 of Tor Weekly News, the weekly
newsletter that covers what’s happening in the Tor community.
Solidarity against online harassment
Following “a sustained campaign of harassment” directed at a core Tor
developer over the past few months, the Tor Project published a
statement  in which it declared “support for her, for every member of
our organization, and for every member of our community who experiences
this harassment”: “In categorically condemning the urge to harass, we
mean categorically: we will neither tolerate it in others, nor will we
accept it among ourselves. We are dedicated to both protecting our
employees and colleagues from violence, and trying to foster more
positive and mindful behavior online ourselves… We are working within
our community to devise ways to concretely support people who suffer
from online harassment; this statement is part of that discussion. We
hope it will contribute to the larger public conversation about online
harassment and we encourage other organizations to sign on to it or
write one of their own.”
As of this writing, there are 448 signatories to the statement,
including Tor developers and community members, academics, journalists,
lawyers, and many others who are lending their support to this movement
in its early stages. If you want to add your name to the list, please
send an email to tor-assistants at lists.torproject.org.
Tails 1.2.2 is out
The Tails team announced  a pointfix release of the amnesic live
operating system. The only difference between this version and the
recent 1.2.1 release is that the automatic Tails Updater now expects a
different certificate authority when checking for a new Tails version.
As the team explained, “On January 3rd, the SSL certificate of our
website hosting provider, boum.org, will expire. The new certificate
will be issued by a different certificate authority […] As a
consequence, versions previous to 1.2.2 won’t be able to do the next
automatic upgrade to version 1.2.3 and will receive an error message
from Tails Upgrader when starting Tails after January 3rd”.
This, along with a bug  that prevents automatic updates from 1.2.1 to
1.2.2, means that all Tails users will need to upgrade manually: either
to version 1.2.2 before January 3rd or (if for some reason that is not
possible) to version 1.2.3 following its release on January 14th.
Please see the team’s post for more details and download instructions.
George Kadianakis, Karsten Loesing, Aaron Johnson, and David Goulet
requested feedback  on the design and code they have developed for
the Tor branch  that will enable the collection of statistics on Tor
hidden services, hoping to answer the questions “Approximately how many
hidden services are there?” and “Approximately how much traffic in the
Tor network is going to hidden services?”: “Our plan is that in
approximately a week we will ask volunteers to run the branch. Then in a
month from now we will use those stats to write a blog post about the
approximate size of Tor hidden services network and the approximate
traffic it’s pushing.” Please join in with your comments on the relevant
Philipp Winter announced  an early version of “zoossh”, which as the
name implies is a speedy parser written in Go that will help to “detect
sybils and other anomalies in the Tor network” by examining Tor’s
archive of network data. While it is not quite ready for use, “I wanted
folks to know that I’m working on that and I’m always happy to get
feedback and patches.”
Yawning Angel announced  the existence of “basket”, a “stab at
designing something that significantly increases Tor’s resistance to
upcoming/future attacks”, combining post-quantum cryptographic
primitives with “defenses against website fingerprinting (and possibly
end-to-end correlation) attacks”. You can read full details of the
cryptographic and other features of “basket” in Yawning’s post, which is
replete with warnings against using the software at this stage: “It’s
almost at the point where brave members of the general public should be
aware that it exists as a potential option in the privacy toolbox… [but]
seriously, unless you are a developer or researcher, you REALLY SHOULD
NOT use ‘basket’.” If you are gifted or foolhardy enough to ignore
Yawning’s advice and test “basket” for yourself, please let the tor-dev
mailing list  know what you find.
Sukhbir Singh and Arlo Breault requested feedback  on an alpha
version of Tor Messenger. It is an instant messaging client currently
under development that intends to send all traffic over Tor, use
Off-the-Record (OTR) encryption of conversations by default, work with a
wide variety of chat networks, and have an easy-to-use graphical user
interface localized into multiple languages.
TheCthulhu announced that his mirrors of two Tor network tools are now
available over Tor hidden services . Globe  can be accessed via
http://globe223ezvh6bps.onion and Atlas  via
http://atlas777hhh7mcs7.onion. The mirrors provided by the Cthulhu run
on their own instance of Onionoo, so in the event that the primary sites
hosted by Tor Project are offline, both of these new mirrors should
still be available for use either through the new hidden services or
through regular clearnet access.
The Tails team published  a signed list of SHA256 hashes for every
version of Tails (and its predecessor, amnesia) that it had either built
or verified at the time of release.
Vlad Tsyrklevich raised  the issue of the discoverability risk posed
to Tor bridges by the default setting of their ORPorts to 443 or 9001.
Using data from Onionoo and internet-wide scans, Vlad found that “there
are 4267 bridges, of which 1819 serve their ORPort on port 443 and 383
serve on port 9001. That’s 52% of tor bridges. There are 1926
pluggable-transports enabled bridges, 316 with ORPort 443 and 33 with
ORPort 9001. That’s 18% of Tor bridges… I realized I was also
discovering a fair amount of private bridges not included in the Onionoo
data set.” Vlad recommended that operators be warned to change their
ORPorts away from the default; Aaron Johnson suggested  possible
alternative solutions, and Philipp Winter remarked  that while
bridges on port 443 “would easily fall prey to Internet-wide scanning”,
“they would still be useful for users behind captive portals” and other
adversaries that restrict connections to a limited range of ports.
Alden Page announced  that development will soon begin on a
free-software tool to counteract “stylometry” attacks, which attempt to
deanonymize the author of a piece of text based on their writing style
alone. “I hope you will all agree that this poses a significant threat
to the preservation of the anonymity of Tor users”, wrote Alden. “In the
spirit of meeting the needs of the privacy community, I am interested in
hearing what potential users might have to say about the design of such
a tool.” Please see Alden’s post for further discussion of stylometry
attacks and the proposed countermeasures, and feel free to respond with
your comments or questions.
Tor help desk roundup
Because Tor Browser prevents users from running it as root, Kali Linux
users starting Tor Browser will see an error message saying Tor should
not be run as root.
In Kali, all userspace software runs as root by default. To run Tor
Browser in Kali Linux, create a new user account just for using Tor
Browser. Unpack Tor Browser and chown -R your whole Tor Browser
directory. Run Tor Browser as your created Tor Browser user account.
Dec 17 13:30 UTC | little-t tor development meeting
| #tor-dev, irc.oftc.net
Dec 17 16:00 UTC | Pluggable transports meeting
| #tor-dev, irc.oftc.net
Dec 22 18:00 UTC | Tor Browser online meeting
| #tor-dev, irc.oftc.net
Dec 22 18:00 UTC | OONI development meeting
| #ooni, irc.oftc.net
Dec 23 18:00 UTC | little-t tor patch workshop
| #tor-dev, irc.oftc.net
Dec 27-30 | Tor @ 31st Chaos Communication Congress
| Hamburg, Germany
Jan 03 20:00 UTC | Tails contributors meeting
| #tails-dev, irc.oftc.net
This issue of Tor Weekly News has been assembled by Harmony, TheCthulhu,
Matt Pagan, Arlo Breault, and Karsten Loesing.
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