[tor-dev] Alternative Implementations of Tor
ahf at 0x90.dk
Wed Aug 17 15:01:27 UTC 2016
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Over the past year I've been hacking, on and off, on an implementation
of Tor in the Erlang programming language. The project started out after
I met Linus Nordberg at the Erlang User Conference in the summer of 2015
- -- a couple of weeks before the CCC Camp in Germany. Linus and I
discussed what it would take to get a very basic implementation of a Tor
relay up and running in Erlang.
The project has been named Talla, which is still open for change --
especially if it collides with an already established project within the
wider Tor development community. I was unable to find any name clashes
myself, but I may very well have overlooked something.
The parts of Talla that is implemented in "pure" Erlang is going to be
licensed under a two-clause BSD license. Talla also contains a "module"
which is using Tor's ed25519 ref10 implementation (Thanks to Yawning for
a great amount of help there) -- that module is licensed under the same
license as Tor itself.
I'm now at the point where things are slowly starting to take form. The
important pieces of the code have so far been kept available only to a
tiny group of close friends that I trust not to share the code until I,
and possibly other people, considers that the code is stable enough for
the wilderness of the wider internet.
There is, to my knowledge, currently only one implementation of Tor that
is actively in use on the production network, which is the C
implementation. I'm aware of a Haskell implementation made by Galois,
which to me mostly seemed like it was designed to be building blocks for
writing more specialized clients and doing research with the Tor
network. Last time I looked, the Haskell implementation's main function
was doing a DNS lookup through a circuit within the Tor network and then
quitting. I was also told there had been an implementation in Go that
have had activity on the production network, but that project was
abandoned by its maintainer.
In general I'm a bit uncertain about the "best practices" of dealing with a
third party Tor implementation, which Talla is.
I'm writing this email to receive suggestions, comments, and possibly
creative ideas about the following:
1. What is the general criteria set from the Tor project's perspective
on when it is acceptable to make alternative Tor implementations
available to the general public?
I'm currently testing Talla using Chutney with a mixture of NTOR and
pre-NTOR Tor daemons running (inspired by one of the configuration
files in the Chutney repository, which referred to a 'tor-old'
My current plan is to stabilize Talla further until my gut feeling is
that I can try to announce a single, middle, relay to the production
Tor network. This relay will, of course, have a platform-string set
to something easily identifiable like "Talla 0.0.1 (...)" and the
contact-string set to a valid method of reaching out to me with, in
its announced server descriptor. I will closely monitor that things
are going as I expect and probably turn it off shortly after the
test, when I have seen that my code isn't too "crashy" -- this will
most likely be repeated a number of times until I'm satisfied with
Could I do more to ensure that the people caring for the network as a
whole wont fear me pressing the start-button here?
2. I will not do any classical releases (as in packagable .tar.gz) until
I'm past the point where my gut feelings are telling me that my code is
reasonably stable for the production network of Tor.
I will, in a very visible location, request that no distribution
developers makes any packages of the code until there is a release.
I think this is already the norm, but I guess being explicit won't
3. I will write, also in a visible location, a warning that the code is
not production ready and that people should probably stick to running a
Tor relay using the official Tor daemon and point to the installation
instructions on torproject.org.
4. Not have any installation documentation and hope that Erlang is still
an esoteric enough language to make people pass by without trying :-)
5. Talla will not have any references to the directory authorities that
are currently used for the Tor production network. This means that
anyone who is interested in running Talla will have to explicitly set
the directory authority servers in Talla's configuration file.
This will allow people who want to toy around with it together with
Chutney to be easily able to do that.
Why am I asking all these questions now, when I could just wait until
Talla is ready? In two weeks there will be a smaller hacker camp in
Denmark, named BornHack, where I was planning on giving a talk on the
development of Talla, the design of the Erlang application, some of the
many refactoring periods there have been, general information about how
Tor works, and the testing of Talla. At the same time of the
presentation I want to make all of the code for Talla available for the
audience and public to see even though it at this point is not ready for
"production usage" on the public Tor network.
I hope this email will also allow us to discuss the wider concept of a
network where there exists multiple implementations and the consequences
of that. It might be there are other people hacking on a Tor
implementation in their favourite language :-)
I'm also on IRC as 'ahf' if anybody wants to talk about things regarding
Talla that is outside of the scope of this email.
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