[tor-dev] IPv6 Thoughts
shamrock at cypherpunks.to
Sun May 15 21:53:28 UTC 2011
I just read nickm's post on Tor IPv6 migration at
What needs to change
Tor uses the Internet in many ways. There are three main ways that will
need to change for IPv6 support, from most urgent to least urgent.
Tor must allow connections from IPv6-only clients. (Currently, routers
and bridges do not listen on IPv6 addresses, and can't advertise that
they support IPv6 addresses, so clients can't learn that they do.)
Tor must transport IPv6 traffic and IPv6-related DNS traffic.
(Currently, Tor only allows BEGIN cells to ask for connections to IPv4
targets or to hostnames, and only allows RESOLVE cells to request A and
Tor must allow nodes to connect to one another over IPv6.
Allowing IPv6-only clients is the most important, since unless we do,
these clients will be unable to connect to Tor at all. Next most
important is to support IPv6 DNS related dependencies and exiting to
IPv6 services. Finally, allowing Tor nodes to support a dual stack of
both IPv4 and IPv6 for interconnection seems like a reasonable step
towards a fully hybrid v4/v6 Tor network.
One thought that may or may not be relevant to your sequence of
implementation, but that you should be made aware of if you aren't
already. (You may well be already be aware of it).
The most important IPv6 compatibility task in Tor is that the Tor
servers can accept inbound connections over IPv6. The second most
important task is that Tor servers can make outbound IPv6 connections to
services on the Internet.
This is, and that may not be intuitive, not isomorphic with Tor clients
being able to perform outbound connections to Tor servers over IPv6.
Jane Tor User's laptop does, in all likelihood, not have a globally
routable IP address. Instead, Jane's laptop has been assigned an RFC
1918 address by her cable modem or the NAT at the Internet cafe.
It is Jane's cable modem that either does today or very soon will use an
IPv6 address to communicate upstream. If the Tor server to which Jane is
connecting does not support native IPv6, then Jane's provider will have
to force her Tor traffic through a provider-level IPv6-to-IPv4 gateway.
Some days that gateway will work well. Other days that proxy will be
overloaded and won't work all that well. Both days, traffic latency will
be increased unless the Tor server to which Jane connects accepts
This talk by ARIN's CEO John Curran explains the issue beautifully.
Watch from the 8 minute mark:
(When traffic has to be forced through a provider-level gateway out of
technical necessity, obvious opportunities for easy filtering arise that
I will not explore further in this post).
In summary, outbound IPv6 Tor connections from end-users can wait until
after Tor servers accept inbound IPv6 connections (and after exit nodes
can make outbound IPv6 connections to other services).
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