[or-cvs] break the quickstart into INSTALL
arma at seul.org
Tue Oct 7 16:57:20 UTC 2003
Update of /home/or/cvsroot
In directory moria.mit.edu:/home2/arma/work/onion/cvs
break the quickstart into INSTALL
remove the old useless generic INSTALL
RCS file: /home/or/cvsroot/INSTALL,v
retrieving revision 1.1
retrieving revision 1.2
diff -u -d -r1.1 -r1.2
--- INSTALL 28 Jun 2002 23:26:41 -0000 1.1
+++ INSTALL 7 Oct 2003 16:57:18 -0000 1.2
@@ -1,231 +1,27 @@
-Copyright 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001 Free Software Foundation,
- This file is free documentation; the Free Software Foundation gives
-unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
- These are generic installation instructions.
- The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
-various system-dependent variables used during compilation. It uses
-those values to create a `Makefile' in each directory of the package.
-It may also create one or more `.h' files containing system-dependent
-definitions. Finally, it creates a shell script `config.status' that
-you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration, and a
-file `config.log' containing compiler output (useful mainly for
- It can also use an optional file (typically called `config.cache'
-and enabled with `--cache-file=config.cache' or simply `-C') that saves
-the results of its tests to speed up reconfiguring. (Caching is
-disabled by default to prevent problems with accidental use of stale
- If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, please try
-to figure out how `configure' could check whether to do them, and mail
-diffs or instructions to the address given in the `README' so they can
-be considered for the next release. If you are using the cache, and at
-some point `config.cache' contains results you don't want to keep, you
-may remove or edit it.
- The file `configure.ac' (or `configure.in') is used to create
-`configure' by a program called `autoconf'. You only need
-`configure.ac' if you want to change it or regenerate `configure' using
-a newer version of `autoconf'.
-The simplest way to compile this package is:
- 1. `cd' to the directory containing the package's source code and type
- `./configure' to configure the package for your system. If you're
- using `csh' on an old version of System V, you might need to type
- `sh ./configure' instead to prevent `csh' from trying to execute
- `configure' itself.
- Running `configure' takes awhile. While running, it prints some
- messages telling which features it is checking for.
- 2. Type `make' to compile the package.
- 3. Optionally, type `make check' to run any self-tests that come with
- the package.
- 4. Type `make install' to install the programs and any data files and
- 5. You can remove the program binaries and object files from the
- source code directory by typing `make clean'. To also remove the
- files that `configure' created (so you can compile the package for
- a different kind of computer), type `make distclean'. There is
- also a `make maintainer-clean' target, but that is intended mainly
- for the package's developers. If you use it, you may have to get
- all sorts of other programs in order to regenerate files that came
- with the distribution.
-Compilers and Options
- Some systems require unusual options for compilation or linking that
-the `configure' script does not know about. Run `./configure --help'
-for details on some of the pertinent environment variables.
- You can give `configure' initial values for variables by setting
-them in the environment. You can do that on the command line like this:
- ./configure CC=c89 CFLAGS=-O2 LIBS=-lposix
- *Note Defining Variables::, for more details.
-Compiling For Multiple Architectures
- You can compile the package for more than one kind of computer at the
-same time, by placing the object files for each architecture in their
-own directory. To do this, you must use a version of `make' that
-supports the `VPATH' variable, such as GNU `make'. `cd' to the
-directory where you want the object files and executables to go and run
-the `configure' script. `configure' automatically checks for the
-source code in the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'.
- If you have to use a `make' that does not support the `VPATH'
-variable, you have to compile the package for one architecture at a
-time in the source code directory. After you have installed the
-package for one architecture, use `make distclean' before reconfiguring
-for another architecture.
- By default, `make install' will install the package's files in
-`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/man', etc. You can specify an
-installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving `configure' the
- You can specify separate installation prefixes for
-architecture-specific files and architecture-independent files. If you
-give `configure' the option `--exec-prefix=PATH', the package will use
-PATH as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.
-Documentation and other data files will still use the regular prefix.
- In addition, if you use an unusual directory layout you can give
-options like `--bindir=PATH' to specify different values for particular
-kinds of files. Run `configure --help' for a list of the directories
-you can set and what kinds of files go in them.
- If the package supports it, you can cause programs to be installed
-with an extra prefix or suffix on their names by giving `configure' the
-option `--program-prefix=PREFIX' or `--program-suffix=SUFFIX'.
- Some packages pay attention to `--enable-FEATURE' options to
-`configure', where FEATURE indicates an optional part of the package.
-They may also pay attention to `--with-PACKAGE' options, where PACKAGE
-is something like `gnu-as' or `x' (for the X Window System). The
-`README' should mention any `--enable-' and `--with-' options that the
- For packages that use the X Window System, `configure' can usually
-find the X include and library files automatically, but if it doesn't,
-you can use the `configure' options `--x-includes=DIR' and
-`--x-libraries=DIR' to specify their locations.
-Specifying the System Type
- There may be some features `configure' cannot figure out
-automatically, but needs to determine by the type of host the package
-will run on. Usually `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints
-a message saying it cannot guess the host type, give it the
-`--build=TYPE' option. TYPE can either be a short name for the system
-type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name which has the form:
-where SYSTEM can have one of these forms:
- OS KERNEL-OS
- See the file `config.sub' for the possible values of each field. If
-`config.sub' isn't included in this package, then this package doesn't
-need to know the host type.
- If you are _building_ compiler tools for cross-compiling, you should
-use the `--target=TYPE' option to select the type of system they will
-produce code for.
- If you want to _use_ a cross compiler, that generates code for a
-platform different from the build platform, you should specify the host
-platform (i.e., that on which the generated programs will eventually be
-run) with `--host=TYPE'. In this case, you should also specify the
-build platform with `--build=TYPE', because, in this case, it may not
-be possible to guess the build platform (it sometimes involves
-compiling and running simple test programs, and this can't be done if
-the compiler is a cross compiler).
- If you want to set default values for `configure' scripts to share,
-you can create a site shell script called `config.site' that gives
-default values for variables like `CC', `cache_file', and `prefix'.
-`configure' looks for `PREFIX/share/config.site' if it exists, then
-`PREFIX/etc/config.site' if it exists. Or, you can set the
-`CONFIG_SITE' environment variable to the location of the site script.
-A warning: not all `configure' scripts look for a site script.
- Variables not defined in a site shell script can be set in the
-environment passed to `configure'. However, some packages may run
-configure again during the build, and the customized values of these
-variables may be lost. In order to avoid this problem, you should set
-them in the `configure' command line, using `VAR=value'. For example:
- ./configure CC=/usr/local2/bin/gcc
-will cause the specified gcc to be used as the C compiler (unless it is
-overridden in the site shell script).
- `configure' recognizes the following options to control how it
- Print a summary of the options to `configure', and exit.
- Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'
- script, and exit.
- Enable the cache: use and save the results of the tests in FILE,
- traditionally `config.cache'. FILE defaults to `/dev/null' to
- disable caching.
- Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'.
+Quickstart version for users:
- Do not print messages saying which checks are being made. To
- suppress all normal output, redirect it to `/dev/null' (any error
- messages will still be shown).
+0) Download the absolute newest version. No, really.
+1) tar xvf it, and then cd into the directory.
+2) ./configure (or do the two-line version in the README, if you're on bsd)
+4) cd src/config
+5) ../or/tor -f oprc
+ You don't need to run this as root, and you probably shouldn't.
+6) point your browser to socks4 or socks5 proxy at localhost port
+ 9050. In mozilla, this is in edit|preferences|advanced|proxies. This
+ allows you to test to make sure tor is installed correctly.
+7) make sure you've set it up correctly: go to
+ http://www.junkbusters.com/cgi-bin/privacy and see what IP it says
+ you're coming from. If it works, you should probably go on to step 8,
+ to get better privacy.
- Look for the package's source code in directory DIR. Usually
- `configure' can determine that directory automatically.
+8) Optionally, install privoxy (www.privoxy.org), and add the line
+ "forward-socks4a / localhost:9050 ." (without the quotes) to its config
+ file. Then change your mozilla to http proxy at localhost port 8118 (and
+ no socks proxy). This step will give you good html scrubbing as well.
+ (See doc/CLIENTS for why direct socks gives you less anonymity.)
-`configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options. Run
-`configure --help' for more details.
+If this works for you, you can stop reading. Otherwise, see the README for
More information about the tor-commits